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NDP Leadership Selection Process
This section examines the various rules and procedures in the NDP leadership election
process. Specific topics include:
- Who can vote
- Voting format
- Ballot system
- How to vote
- Important Links
Who Can Vote
Every member of the party, in good standing 45 days before voting day, is entitled
to vote in the leadership convention.
The leadership selection process runs according to a One-Member-One-Vote plus Labour
format (OMOV + labour). This format has two basic guiding principles:
- “One-member-one-vote” principle – Each party member has a vote
in the leadership selection. This differs from a “delegate” selection process in which
party members elect a delegate from their constituency to represent them (and vote
for them) at the leadership convention. This one-member-one-vote principle provides
for direct participation by each party member in the selection of the leader.
- “Plus-labour” principle – Labour unions are guaranteed 25 percent
of the vote. Unions elect representative delegates to attend the convention and vote
for their union members. This plus-labour principle is rooted in the NDP’s traditional
ties to organized labour and unions. See below for additional information on the labour
and affiliate vote.
The leadership election process proceeds through a ballot system. Members vote from
a list of candidates supplied on a ballot. If no candidate receives enough votes on
the first ballot to be declared leader, then consecutive ballots are held. On each consecutive
ballot, the weakest candidates are eliminated. Any candidate receiving less than one
percent (1%) of the vote and the candidate receiving the lowest percentage of votes
on the previous ballot are dropped from the next ballot. Consecutive ballots are held
until one candidate receives enough votes to be declared leader.
How to Vote
Party members voted in one of three ways:
- Vote by Mail – Members mailed in their vote. These mail votes
are counted at the same time as regular ballots. Therefore, no one will have any advance
knowledge of the results before the voting takes place on the floor.
- Internet Vote – Members voted online, in real time on Convention
day through the NDP website.
- Vote at Convention – Members also voted in person at the Convention
using the traditional “drop down” balloting practice. A member will mark for only
one of the candidates. If a second round of voting takes place, a member votes again
for the candidate of her/his choice, and so on.
NDP Official Website
2003 NDP Leadership Campaign Rules
NDP Release on One-Member-One-Vote
Feature on the NDP Leadership Race