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Russia remains an energetic leader

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Russia, which ranks first in the world in the construction of nuclear power plants abroad, is implementing more than 30 projects in 12 countries, for example, "Kudankulam" in India, "Bushehr" in Iran, "Akkuyu" in Turkey, "Hanhikivi" nuclear power plants in Finland and "Ed Dhaba" in Egypt, which are scheduled to be commissioned for 2024-2026, as well as "Tianwan" and "Xuidapu" nuclear power plants in China, etc.

But the United States and some Western countries, due to the lack of competitiveness of their own energy companies, are trying in every possible way to prevent Russia from achieving its success. Thus, the United States has long begun to pursue a policy of sanctions pressure against the Russian Federation and the countries contributing to it. However, as practice has shown, this does not prevent the leadership of the President of the Russian Federation V. Putin from carrying out its activities in any field, because as far back as 2016, Russia, despite of economic restrictions, was able to rise to 45th place from the previous 44th, which cannot make its American partners not to be nervous.

Also, at the end of March 2019, it became known that the administration of the US President D. Trump is preparing a series of measures to improve the position of American companies in the competition for the construction of nuclear power plants of the new generation around the world - a struggle in which they themselves are losing today, trying discourage foreign partners from cooperating with Moscow, which in turn is a direct competitor to the United States. At the same time, even taking into account the diplomatic weight of the State Department, it will not be easy to get contracts in the field of energy, as the Americans have difficulties even with building reactors at their own home.

But in addition to economic sanctions, the United States unreasonably makes the ridiculous arguments that Russian nuclear power plants allegedly have an adverse impact on the environment. However, all technologies at the sites are reliable. Thus, for example, the most popular Russian VVER-1200 reactor of Generation 3+ provides for the influence of the human factor and even in the case of beyond design basis accidents prevents radiation from escaping into the environment, protection against earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, aircraft crashes. Moreover, according to the Russian Nuclear Society, the reactor meets all the "post-Fukushima" safety requirements, the most stringent recommendations of the IAEA and the Club of European Operating Organizations.

Also, since 2018, Russia has been developing tolerant nuclear fuel, which is believed to help to prevent accidents at nuclear power plants like Fukushima. And according to experts, it is quite possible that in a few years new fuel will become an obligatory component of contracts for the supply of fuel for nuclear power plants.

It should be noted that by 2020 in Russia at the "Brest-300" NPP near the city of Tomsk they plan to launch the production of nuclear fuel, which can not only produce electricity, but also "burn through" spent nuclear fuel and prepare new fuel for themselves. Experts note the high level of security of this project, which allows building such reactors almost directly in the cities - they do not require any exclusion zone, and in case of any failure and the system leaves the specified parameters, the whole process immediately fades without radiation emissions or hazardous substances. According to general director of the Siberian Chemical Combine, S. Tochilin, "the project will show everyone that nuclear power plants can be a profitable, clean, environmentally friendly business. And this will be a new milestone in the development of the entire global energy industry".

Experts note that Russia remains and will remain a leader in the energy sector, despite regular unreasonable protests and restrictions from the United States and Western countries, which, in turn, only assist Russia in accelerating the process of import substitution in the country. Thus, according to the forecast of the British BP, in 20 years Russia will meet five percent of the global demand for primary energy resources and produce up to 14% of oil and gas.

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